Kaduna State is one of the 36 States of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, with Kaduna as its capital. With 23 Local Government Councils and 47 Development Areas, Kaduna State occupies the entire central position of the Northern part of Nigeria and share borders with Zamfara, Katsina, Kano, Bauchi, Plateau, Nassarawa and Niger States, as well as Abuja, the Federal Capital Territory. The State has an area of about 48,473.2 square kilometers. The global location of the State is between longitude 0610 and 0900 east of Greenwich meridian and also between latitude 0910 and 1130 north of the equator.
The entire land structure consists of an undulating plateau. However as one moves to the southern part of the state, there are some hills. Major rivers include Kaduna Wonderful, Kagom and Gurara.
The main ethnic groups are Fulani, Hausa, Adara, Gbagyi, Bajju, Atyap and Jaba. English and Hausa Languages are widely spoken. Based on the recently released census, the population of the state is 6,066,562.
Because of the State is heterogeneous, with people of different ethnic groups and varied cultures, there are several festivals of interest, like the Hawan Sallah, the Tuk Ham, Baranzan and Afan.
2. Hawan Sallah is annually observed twice to mark the end of Ramadan fasting and to celebrate the Hajj with hundreds of riding horsemen. It is a spectacle with the horses and horsemen elaborately dressed in different costumes. The Tuk-Ham, Baranzan and Afan festivals have common features, the celebration of the people’s cosmic myth as they continue to find meaning in the link between the living and the spiritual world.
Kaduna State has two distinct seasons. The dry season lasts from November to mid-April. The State extends from the tropical grassland known as the Guinea Savannah to the Sudan savannah. The vegetation is tall grasses of about 3.6 metres with big trees, which grows shorter as it approaches the Sudan Savannah. Both are of economic importance.
About 60% of the Stat’s population is engaged in agriculture, producing both food and cash crops. The traditional method is giving way to mechanized farming. The State can also boast of highly skilled manpower in almost all fields of human endeavour. The State is known as the Centre of Learning because of the presence of large number of institutions of higher learning like the famous Ahmadu Bello University, Kaduna Polytechnic, Nigerian College of Aviation Technology, Nigerian Defence Academy, Command and Staff College, Jaji, Federal and State colleges of Education, Kaduna State Polytechnic, Nigerian Institute of
3. Transport Technology, National Research institute for Chemical technology, National teachers’ Institute, National Board for technical Education, Kaduna State University, etc.
Considerable resources are continuously being devoted to roads development as over 80% of the people depend on it for movement of goods and service delivery. Kaduna State is well linked to other states of the country with good road network like the Kano – Kaduna – Abuja dual carriageway, Kaduna – Jos, Kaduna – Lagos, Kaduna – Sokoto and Kaduna – Makurdi roads. Taxis, buses and trailers operate on commercial basis in addition to the Kaduna State owned Transport Authority.
The Kaduna – Lagos and Kaduna – Port Harcourt are the two major railways linking Kaduna with the southern cities of the country. Others also extend northward to Kano, Nguru in the North East and Kaura Namoda in the North West.
Kaduna has an international airport, which was commissioned in 1982. Private airlines operate domestic flights daily form and to Kaduna.
Currently, Nigerian Telecommunications Limited (NITEL) provides landline telephone services for Kaduna, Zaria and Jaji. While all the GSM operators have adequately covered the State including substantial part of the rural areas. Similarly, Nigeria Postal Services (NIPOST) and several courier companies also operate in the State.
Due to its strategic position and economic importance, Kaduna is well serviced by commercial banks, insurance companies and stock broking firms. All the 25 certified banks have set up their branches in Kaduna metropolis and other local government headquarters. Most of which are on-line and offer international services. There are also about twenty insurance companies with some few stockbrokers operating in Kaduna State.
The main source of energy is the Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN). All the major towns and local government areas are connected to the National grid. Due to inefficiency, power outages are frequent. It is thus sometimes necessary for industrialists to make alternative arrangements for power. The government is however tackling the problem of power generation and distribution by embarking on a massive rehabilitation and refurbishment of all the power plants in order to improve power supply. The Federal
5. government hopes to privatize the Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) and at the same time allow for Independent Power Producers (IPP) to operate in the country.
The Kaduna State Water Board is rated as one of the best utility provider in the country. Most cities and towns are supplied with pipe borne water of about 381,000,000 litres per day. Plans are in top gear to provide every town in Kaduna State with pipe borne water by the year 2010.